Osteoarthritis, also called degenerative joint disease, is the most common form of arthritis. It occurs most often in the elderly.
The hip joint is a “ball and socket” joint. The “ball” is the head of the femur or thighbone, and the “socket” is the cup-shaped acetabulum.
The hip joint is one of the most important and flexible joints in the human body which allows us to walk, run, bend and perform physical activities.
Hip pain, one of the common complaints, may not always be felt precisely over the hip joint rather in and around the hip joint.
Hip dislocation occurs when the head of the femur moves out of the socket. The femoral head can dislocate either backward (posterior dislocation) or forward (anterior dislocation).
Injury or damage to these structures can lead to a condition called hip instability when the joint becomes unstable.
Labrum is a ring of strong fibrocartilaginous tissue lining around the socket of the hip joint.
Injuries to the hip ligaments are commonly called a hip sprain and can range from minor tears of the ligaments to more serious injuries involving the hip muscles, tendons or bone.
Hip osteonecrosis occurs due to disruption of the blood supply to the highest part of the thigh bone (femoral head).
Femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) is a condition characterised by excessive friction in the hip joint from the presence of bony irregularities.
Avascular necrosis, also called osteonecrosis, is a condition in which bone death occurs because of inadequate blood supply to it.